Sunday, 19 November 2017

Physical relief of Europe

Click here  watch first and play then so you learn the name of the main physical features on the European continent!

Now that you have learnt the different European landforms try this link so you choose the right name for each one. You always have the option to watch first!

And finally, this map includes some more features, seas and rivers.

Have fun!



Monday, 13 November 2017

MAPS OF EUROPE

Here you have some maps to help you learn and locate the different countries in Europe, their capital cities and the main landforms.
Enjoy them!

European countries - listen and learn
European Capital cities - listen and learn
European Geographic Regions - listen and learn

Click on this game to check if you know where the country is after listening to its name.
European countries - game

In this game, you will listen to the capital city and will have to choose one of the countries in the provided region till you complete the continent.
European capitals by region - game

Here you will listen to the capital and will have to choose the right country among all of them!
European capitals - game

In this one, you will listen to the country and will click, in the boxes on the left, on the capital of the higlighted country.
Eurpean capitals country provided - game

Now, here you have two more maps: a tutorial and a game about rivers in Europe.
European rivers - learn
European rivers - game

I hope you enjoy them all and learn a lot!!!

If you want to have more fun, just go to the next webpage where all these maps have been taken.


Tuesday, 31 October 2017

CONTINENTS AND OCEANS

Go to this interactive map to check you know the name of all the continents and oceans. Have fun!!!


CONTINENTS AND OCEANS

And if you want to listen to their names, go to this one!

Continents and oceans to play and listen

Sunday, 22 October 2017

THE THREE VITAL FUNCTIONS

Do you remember what these functions are? Here you have a simple but nice video to revise them. Just click on the next link!


Enjoy it!

FROM CELL TO SYSTEMS

Animals and plants are made of cells. Tissues are made from cells of a similar type. Organs are made from tissues, and systems are made from several organs working together. They all make up an organism.


cells - tissues - organs - organ systems - organism


If you want to know more details about how this organization takes place, watch this entertaining video.


Enjoy it!


Friday, 20 October 2017

CELLS - AN INTRODUCTION

Cells
Cells are very small. They are the basic building blocks of all animals and plants. 


Animal cells usually have an irregular shape, and plant cells usually have a regular shape
Cells are made up of different parts. It is easier to explain what these parts are by using diagrams like the ones below.
Animal and plant cells both have a cell membrane, cytoplasm, and a nucleus. Plant cells also have chloroplasts, a vacuole and a cell wall.

Animal cells and plant cells both contain:
  • cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
Plant cells also contain these parts, not found in animal cells:
  • chloroplasts, vacuole, cell wall
The table summarises the functions of these parts.

Part
Function
Found in
Cell membrane
Controls what substances can get into and out of the cell.
Plant and animal cells
Cytoplasm
Jelly-like substance, where chemical reactions happen. In plant cells there's a thin lining, whereas in animal cells most of the cell is cytoplasm.
Plant and animal cells
Nucleus
Controls what happens inside the cell. Carries genetic information.
In exams don't call the nucleus the 'brain' of the cell. That is not a good description and will not get you marks.
Plant and animal cells
Chloroplast
Where photosynthesis happens – chloroplasts contain a green substance called chlorophyll.
Plant cells only
Vacuole
Contains a liquid called cell sap, which keeps the cell firm.
Plant cells only
Cell wall
Made of a tough substance called cellulose, which supports the cell.
Plant cells only

From: BBC BiteSize

Saturday, 23 September 2017

SCALE OF THE UNIVERSE

Enjoy this amazing video from face to space!

            Cosmic Eye  😲😉




Monday, 18 September 2017

Astronomy and space science at BBC Bitesize


Astronomy and space science


This is a very interesting webpage with lots of information about space. There are five different pages. Do not forget to click on the numbers to get to all of them!!!

Sunday, 17 September 2017

Star Size Comparison (YOU ARE NOT THE CENTRE OF THE UNIVERSE!)

In this video you can see how tiny our planet is and how big some stars in the Universe are.
Yes, we are not the centre of the Universe. We are just a wonderful tiny spot!!!

Monday, 27 February 2017

THE UNITED KINGDOM

In this unit we are going to study some geographical and cultural aspects of the UK. As you will see there are hundreds of interesting things. Have a look at these links and feel free to explore the amazing web from which I took them!!!







  • Houses in England - click on the pictures to learn more about them. You can also explore the links at the bottom!






Saturday, 25 February 2017

ENERGY IS ALL AROUND US!

In this unit we are going to revise what we learnt two years ago, when we were in year 4, and we will learn a few more things. Here you have some links to those posts we used so you can catch up if you have forgotten them!

ENERGY

ENERGY SOURCES

RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES


NON-RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES

And if you click HERE you will watch a video that summarizes how we get, distribute and utilize energy. 😉

Sunday, 19 February 2017

THE TUDORS

If you want to know a bit more about this period of English history just click on the links and enjoy the reading!

TEN FACTS ABOUT THE TUDORS

MEET THE WIVES OF HENRY THE VIII

FROM HENRY VIII TO TODAY - here you have a quick royal family tree from King Henry VIII to current Queen Elizabeth II





Sunday, 5 February 2017

Thursday, 5 January 2017

THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM - FULL EXPLANATION


THE RERODUCTIVE SYSTEM

Puberty
The reproductive system of a child is not mature and needs to change as a boy or girl develops into an adult, so that the system is fully working. These changes begin between the ages of ten and fifteen. The time when the changes happen is called puberty.
The changes happen because of sex hormones produced by the testes in boys and by the ovaries in girls. Some changes happen in boys and girls, while others just happen in boys or girls.
Here are some changes that happen to both boys and girls:
  • underarm hair grows
  • pubic hair grows
  • body smell gets stronger.
  • emotional changes
  • growth rate increases

The time when the physical changes and emotional changes happen is called adolescence.

Boys
Here are some changes that happen only to boys:
  • voice breaks (gets deeper)
  • testes and penis get bigger
  • testes start to produce sperm cells
  • shoulders get wider
  • hair grows on face and chest.
Girls
Here are some changes that happen only to girls:
  • breasts develop
  • ovaries start to release egg cells (periods start)
  • hips get wider.

The female reproductive system
The female reproductive system contains these parts:
  • ovaries
  • Falopian tubes or egg tubes
  • uterus (pronounced "yoo-ter-russ")
  • cervix
  • vagina.



Ovaries
The two ovaries contain hundreds of undeveloped female sex cells called egg cells or ova. Women have these cells in their bodies from birth - whereas men produce new sperm continually.

Fallopian tubes or egg tubes
Each ovary is connected to the uterus by an egg tube. This is sometimes called an oviduct or Fallopian tube. The egg tube is lined with cilia, which are tiny hairs on cells. Every month, an egg develops and becomes mature, and is released from an ovary. The cilia waft the egg along inside the egg tube and into the uterus.

Uterus and cervix
The uterus is also called the womb. It is a muscular bag with a soft lining. The uterus is where a baby develops until its birth.
The cervix is a ring of muscle at the lower end of the uterus. It keeps the baby in place while the woman is pregnant.

Vagina
The vagina is a muscular tube that leads from the cervix to the outside of the woman's body. A man's penis goes into the woman's vagina during sexual intercourse. The opening to the vagina has folds of skin called labia that meet to form a vulva. The urethra also opens into the vulva, but it is separate from the vagina, and is used for passing urine from the body.

The menstrual cycle
The female reproductive system includes a cycle of events called the menstrual cycle. It lasts about 28 days, but it can be slightly less or more than this. The cycle stops while a woman is pregnant. These are the main features of the menstrual cycle.
  • The start of the cycle, day 1, is when bleeding from the vagina begins. This is caused by the loss of the lining of the uterus, with a little blood. This is called menstruation or having a period.
  • By the end of about day 5, the loss of blood stops. The lining of the uterus begins to re-grow and an egg cell starts to mature in one of the ovaries.
  • At about day 14, the mature egg cell is released from the ovary. This is called ovulation. The egg cell travels through the egg tube towards the uterus.
  • If the egg cell does not meet with a sperm cell, the lining of the uterus begins to break down and the cycle repeats.
If the egg cell meets and joins with a sperm cell, it is fertilised. It attaches to the lining of the uterus and the woman becomes pregnant.

The male reproductive system
The male reproductive system contains these parts:
  • testes (pronounced "test-eez")
  • glands
  • sperm ducts
  • urethra
  • penis.




Testes
The two testes (one of them is called a testis) are contained in a bag of skin called the scrotum. They have two functions:
  • to produce millions of male sex cells called sperm
  • to make male sex hormones, which affect the way a man's body develops.
Sperm duct and glands
The sperm pass through the sperm ducts, and mix with fluids produced by the glands. The fluids provide the sperm cells with nutrients. The mixture of sperm and fluids is called semen.

Penis and urethra
The penis has two functions:
  • to pass urine out of the man's body
  • to pass semen into the vagina of a woman during sexual intercourse.
The urethra is the tube inside the penis that can carry urine or semen. A ring of muscle makes sure that there is no chance of urine and semen getting mixed up.

Fertilisation and  foetal development
Fertilisation
During sexual intercourse the man's penis releases semen into the woman's vagina. Sperm cells travel in semen from the penis and into the top of the vagina. They enter the uterus through the cervix and travel to the egg tubes. If a sperm cell meets with an egg cell there, fertilisation can happen. Fertilisation happens when an egg cell meets with a sperm cell and joins with it.
The fertilised egg divides to form a ball of cells called an embryo. This attaches to the lining of the uterus and begins to develop into a foetus(pronounced "fee-tuss") and finally a baby.

Development of the foetus
The foetus relies upon its mother as it develops. These are some of the things it needs:
  • protection
  • oxygen
  • nutrients (food and water).
It also needs its waste substances removing.
The foetus is protected by the uterus and the amniotic fluid, a liquid contained in a bag called the amnion.
The placenta is responsible for providing oxygen and nutrients, and removing waste substances. It grows into the wall of the uterus and is joined to the foetus by the umbilical cord.
The mother's blood does not mix with the foetus's blood, but the placenta lets substances pass between the two blood supplies:
  • oxygen and nutrients diffuse across the placenta from the mother to the foetus
  • waste substances, such as carbon dioxide, diffuse across the placenta from the foetus to the mother.
Birth
After nine months the baby is ready to be born. The cervix relaxes and muscles in the wall of the uterus contract, pushing the baby out of the mother's body.


If you want to revise all this information from the source I've taken it go to this Bitesize link. You can also take a test to check if you've got things clear. 

Monday, 2 January 2017

THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM - VIDEO

Hello and Happy New Year to everyone!

You still have a few days off but maybe you feel like revising the last videos about the reproductive system we watched during the past term.

The reproductive system - English

El aparato reproductor - español

Enjoy them!